1. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2011 Oct;31(10):883-6.

[Comparation of effect and cost-benefit analysis between acupoint
catgut-embedding and electroacupuncture on simple obesity].

[Article in Chinese]

Huang LC, Pan WY.

Department of Rehabilitation, The Second People's Hospital of Zhuhai, Zhuhai
519020, Guangdong Province, China.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effect of acupoint catgut-embedding and
electroacupuncture on simple obesity and evaluate the economics benefit by
cost-benefit analysis.
METHODS: Sixty cases were randomly devided into an acupoint catgut-embedding
group and an electroacupuncture group, 30 cases in each group. Zhongwan (CV 12),
Tianshu (ST 25), Daheng (SP 15), Shuifen (CV 9), Qihai (CV 6), Guanyuan (CV 4),
Zusanli (ST 36) and Ashi acupoints were selected as the main acupoints in both
groups. The acupoint catgut-embedding group was treated with acupoint
catgut-embedding, once each week, four weeks as a course for two courses. The
electroacupuncture group was treated with electroacupuncture, three times each
week for eight weeks.
RESULTS: 1) The total effective rate in the acupoint catgut-embedding group was
90.0% (27/30) and in the electroacupuncture group was 86.7% (26/30), with the
similar therapeutic effect between the two groups (P > 0.05). 2) The body mass,
body mass index (BMI), waistline, hip circumference and waist-to-hip ratio in the
two groups were all decreased significantly (all P < 0.05). 3) The total medical
treatment cost in the acupoint catgut-embedding group was 61 500 yuan and the
cost per patient was 2050 yuan, and in the electroacupuncture group, the total
cost was 117 210 yuan and the cost per patient was 3907 yuan. The cost effect
analysis showed that there were 1857 yuan of the cost per patient in the acupoint
catgut-embedding group less than that in the electroacupuncture group.
CONCLUSION: Acupoint catgut-embedding has significant effect in treating simple
obesity with low cost and fine economics benefit.

PMID: 22043672  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


2. Free Radic Biol Med. 2011 Dec 15;51(12):2185-9. Epub 2011 Oct 6.

Effects of intracellular superoxide removal at acupoints with TAT-SOD on obesity.

Guo J, Chen Y, Yuan B, Liu S, Rao P.

Institute of Biotechnology, Fuzhou University, 523 Gongye Road, Fuzhou, Fujian,
China.

Comment in
Free Radic Biol Med. 2011 Dec 15;51(12):2163.

TAT-SOD is a recombinant protein of superoxide dismutase fused with TAT peptide.
By pure accident, we discovered that topical application of TAT-SOD to acupoints
could result in acupuncture-like action. This study aimed to validate the
accidental discovery by investigating the effect on simple obesity of the topical
application of TAT-SOD to acupoints in comparison with acupuncture. 90 subjects
were divided into 3 groups for 12-week treatments. Regular hospital acupuncture
treatment was given to Acupuncture Group 3 times a week. TAT-SOD Group were
instructed first to locate acupoints and apply 0.1ml of 5000u SOD/ml TAT-SOD
cream in an area of 1cm(2) to each of the same set of acupoints, which they then
conducted at home three times daily. Placebo Group applied the vehicle cream the
same manner as TAT-SOD Group. Both TAT-SOD and acupuncture treatments decreased
adiposity with overall clinical effective rates of 60.0% and 76.7%, respectively.
The placebo group showed no improvement. The results validate that the enzymatic
removal of the intracellular superoxide at acupoints could generate
acupuncture-like effects, and indicate a possibility of the new method as a
simple substitute to acupuncture and an insight of superoxide modulation along
meridians for acupuncture mechanism.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID: 22019441  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


3. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2011 Aug;31(8):697-701.

[Clinical observation on simple obesity treated by acupuncture].

[Article in Chinese]

Tong J, Chen JX, Zhang ZQ, Liu CS, Pan Y, Zheng J, Yao H.

Acupuncture Department, The First Affiliated Hospital to Guangzhou Medical
College, Guangzhou 510120, Guangdong Province, China.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of simple obesity treated by
acupuncture.
METHODS: By randomized single-blind clinical trial, one hundred and eighteen
cases of simple obesity were divided into an acupuncture group (76 cases) and a
placebo-acupuncture control group (42 cases), additionally, health control group
(30 cases) was included. In acupuncture group and placebo-acupuncture control
group, all the patients received a restricted diet; Zhongwan (CV 12) and Zhongji
(CV 3) etc. at abdomen and Liangqiu (ST 34) and Zusanli (ST 36) etc. at limbs
were selected; body mass index (BMI), Serum Total Cholesterol, triglyceride (TG),
Glucose, Creatinine, urea nitrogen (BUN), Uric Acid and adverse reactions scores
were observed.
RESULTS: After treatment the BMI in acupuncture grown was lower than that in
placebo-acupuncture control group (P < 0.01). In metabolism indices, the serum
Total Cholesterol and Glucose after treatment were reduced obviously than those
before treatment in acupuncture group (all P < 0.01), and there was no
significant differences in other metabolism indices (all P > 0.05) in two groups.
After treatment, in adverse reactions scores, the hunger sensation scores in
acupuncture group was reduced than that in placebo-acupuncture control group (P <
0.05), and there was no significant differences in other indices (all P > 0.05).
CONCLUSION: BMI of simple obesity was reduced by acupuncture, and the Serum Total
Cholesterol and Glucose were reduced accordingly. The adverse reac tions such as
weakness, nervosa and diarrhea, etc. doesn't appear after acupuncture treatment.
Acupuncture therapy is one of the safe and effective methods for simple obesity.

PMID: 21894690  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


4. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2011 Jun;31(6):539-42.

[Clinical observation on acupotomy for treatment of simple obesity].

[Article in Chinese]

Chen M, Shi XY, Xu B, Gu YH, Dong Q, Xu LF, Li KP, Zhang JB, Mu YY.

The Second Clinical Medical College, Nanjing University of CM, Nanjing 210046,
Jiangsu Province, China. آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy differences among acupotomy,
electroacupuncture and acupuncture for treatment of simple obesity.
METHODS: One hundred and five cases were randomly divided into an acupotomy
group, an electroacupuncture group and an acupuncture group, 35 cases in each
group, and Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Sanyinjiao (SP
6), etc, were selected in three groups and also with selection of acupoints
according to symptoms. The acupotomy group was treated with acupotomy 40 mm in
length and 0.6 mm in diameter, the electroacupuncture group with the Han's LH402A
electroacupuncture stimulator and the acupuncture group with simple acupuncture
treatment. The clinical therapeutic effects of three groups were compared. The
obesity signs such as body weight, body mass index (BMI), obesity degree, etc.,
and blood lipid and fasting blood sugar (FBS) were observed.
RESULTS: The markedly effective rate of 91.4% (32/35) in the acupotomy group was
higher than that of 71.5% (25/35) in the electroacupuncture group and that of
42.9% (15/35) in the hand acupuncture group (both P<0.05). There were significant
differences in the obesity signs and blood fat and FBS of the three groups before
and after treatment (P<0.05, P<0.01). The differences rates of body weight, BMI,
obesity degree, chest circumference, waistline, thighline, waist-hip ratio, total
cholesterol before and after treatment in the acupotomy group were all better
than those in the electroacupuncture group and in the acupuncture group (all
P<0.05), and the differences rates of hipline, FBS in the acupotomy group were
better than those in the acupuncture group (both P<0.001).
CONCLUSION: Acupotomy treatment can obviously reduce fat, FBS and blood lipid and
has obvious therapeutic effects on simple obesity.

PMID: 21739699  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


5. Am J Chin Med. 2011;39(3):433-40.

Effects of auricular acupressure on weight reduction and abdominal obesity in
Asian young adults: a randomized controlled trial.

Hsieh CH, Su TJ, Fang YW, Chou PH.

Department of Nursing, Chang Gung Institute of Technology, Chia-Yi, Taiwan.
آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

The current study was designed to test the efficacy of auricular acupressure on
weight reduction and changes of waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio. This
study used a randomized design with one control group and one experimental group
consisting of Asian young adults with a waist circumference ≥80 cm in the females
and ≥90cm in the males. At completion of eight weeks of auricular therapy, the
total sample size was 55 young adults who ranged in age from 18 to 20 years old.
Each participant was treated weekly for ear acupressure in ten-minute sessions.
Sessions continued for eight weeks wherein the control group received acupressure
only while the experimental group received acupressure with the Japanese Magnetic
Pearl on the ear acupoints. While both the control and treatment groups showed
significant reduction (p ≤ 0.05) to body weight and waist circumference after
eight weeks of treatment, only the group treated with Japanese Magnetic Pearls
showed decreased waist to hip ratio. Thus, auricular acupressure may be a
beneficial addition to weight loss programs for young adults. Auricular
acupressure is thus a reasonable option in the treatment of overweight and
obesity in young adults.

PMID: 21598412  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


6. J Altern Complement Med. 2011 May;17(5):413-20.

Effects of acupuncture therapy on abdominal fat and hepatic fat content in obese
children: a magnetic resonance imaging and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy
study.

Zhang H, Peng Y, Liu Z, Li S, Lv Z, Tian L, Zhu J, Zhao X, Chen M.

Department of Radiology, Beijing Hospital, No. 1 Dahua Road, Dongcheng, Beijing,
China.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
together with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) to study the
influence of acupuncture therapy on abdominal fat and hepatic fat content in
obese children.
DESIGN: The design was a longitudinal, clinical intervention study of acupuncture
therapy. Subjects: Subjects were 10 healthy, obese children (age: 11.4 ± 1.65
years, body-mass index [BMI]: 29.03 ± 4.81 kg/m(2)).
MEASUREMENTS: Measurements included various anthropometric parameters, abdominal
fat (assessed by MRI) and hepatic fat content (assessed by (1)H-MRS) at baseline
and after 1 month of acupuncture therapy.
RESULTS: One (1) month of acupuncture therapy significantly reduced the subjects'
BMI by 3.5% (p = 0.005), abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) volume by 16.04%
(p < 0.0001), abdominal total adipose tissue volume by 10.45% (p = 0.001), and
abdominal visceral to subcutaneous fat ratio by 10.59% (p = 0.007). Decreases in
body weight (-2.13%), waist circumference (-1.44%), hip circumference (-0.33%),
waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) (-0.99%), abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT)
volume (-5.63%), and intrahepatic triglyceride (IHTG) content (-9.03%) were also
observed, although these were not significant (p > 0.05). There was a significant
correlation between the level of abdominal fat (SAT, VAT) and anthropometric
parameters (weight, BMI, waist circumferences, hip circumferences). There was no
statistically significant correlation between IHTG and anthropometric parameters
or abdominal fat content.
CONCLUSIONS: The first direct experimental evidence is provided demonstrating
that acupuncture therapy significantly reduces BMI and abdominal adipose tissue
by reducing abdominal VAT content without significant changes in body weight,
waist circumference, hip circumference, WHR, abdominal SAT, or IHTG content.
Thus, the use of acupuncture therapy to selectively target a reduction in
abdominal VAT content should become more important and more popular in the
future.

PMID: 21595560  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


7. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2011 Feb;31(2):125-8.

[Clinical observation on simple obesity of spleen deficiency and dampness excess
treated by hour-prescription of points].

[Article in Chinese]

Li SW, Wu J.

Acupuncture and Tuina College, Chengdu University of TCM, Chengdu 610075, Sichuan
Province, China. آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

OBJECTIVE: To compare the curative effects of simple obesity of spleen deficiency
and dampness excess treated by hour-prescription of points and routine
acupuncture therapy.
METHODS: Sixty cases were randomly divided into an observation group and a
control group; Taibai (SP 3), Gongsun (SP 4), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Yinlingquan (SP
9), Fujie (SP 14) and Daheng (SP 15) were applied in both groups.
Hour-prescription of points (the acupoints of Spleen Meridian were selected at
the period of the day from 10:04 a.m. to 12:04 a.m. when the Spleen Meridian is
most energetic at Chengdu) was applied in observation group, and routine
acupuncture was applied in control group (acupoints weren't selected at 10:04
a.m. to 12:04 a.m.). Once a day, and 10 days of treatment made one session,
totally 3 sessions were required.
RESULTS: The total effective rate was 86.2% (25/29) in observation group, and
75.9% (22/29) in control group. The total effect in observation group was
superior to that in control group (P < 0.05). The observation group was better
than the control group in reduction of weight, body mass index, obesity degree,
awaist circumference and the ratio between waist and hip with significant
differences between two groups (P < 0.01, P < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: The therapeutic effect of obesity of spleen deficiency and dampness
excess treated by hour-prescription of points therapy is superior to that by
routine acupuncture therapy.

PMID: 21442813  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


8. Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2010 Dec;35(6):453-7.

[Effects of acupuncture combined with dietary adjustments and aerobic exercise on
body weight, body mass index and serum leptin level in simple obesity patients].

[Article in Chinese]

Yang JJ, Xing HJ, Wang SJ, Xiao HL, Li M, Li Q.

Department of Acu-moribustion, College of Chinese Medicine, Hebei Medical
University, Shijiazhuang 050091, China. آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture combined with dietary adjustments
and aerobic exercise on the body weight, body mass index (BMI) and serum leptin
content of patients with simple obesity, so as to evaluate the efficacy of the
present therapy in the treatment of simple obesity.
METHODS: A total of 61 cases of out-patients were randomly divided into control
(n=30) and treatment (n=31) groups. Patients in the control group were treated
with dietary adjustments and aerobic exercise everyday (30 min/d), continuously
for 51 days, and those of the treatment group were treated with acupuncture
[Zhong-wan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Guanyuan (CV 4), etc.] plus dietary
adjustment and aerobic exercise everyday, with 15 days being a course of
treatment, 3 days' interval between every two courses, and 3 courses altogether.
Serum leptin content was detected by using radioimmunoassay.
RESULTS: Compared with pre-treatment, the body weight and BMI and serum leptin
levels in the control and treatment groups were all decreased significantly (P <
0.01). Comparison between the two groups showed that the body weight at the end
of the 1st and 3rd course of treatment, the BMI at the end of the 1st, 2nd and
3rd course of treatment, and serum leptin level after the treatment in the
treatment group were all significantly lower than those in the control group (P <
0.05, P < 0.01). The difference values of body weight and BMI between
pre-treatment and post-treatment of the treatment group were obviously higher
than those of the control group (P < 0.01), suggesting a better therapeutic
effect of acupuncture combined with dietary adjustments and aerobic exercise in
the treatment of simple obesity.
CONCLUSION: Acupuncture combined with dietary adjustments and aerobic exercise
can reduce the body weight, BMI and serum leptin level, which is better than
dietary adjustments plus aerobic exercise.

PMID: 21375021  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


9. Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2010 Aug;35(4):298-302.

[Effect of abdominal acupuncture therapy on the endocrine and metabolism in
obesity-type polycystic ovarian syndrome patients].

[Article in Chinese]

Lai MH, Ma HX, Yao H, Liu H, Song XH, Huang WY, Wu XK.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical College, Guangzhou 510120,
China. آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of abdominal acupuncture on the endocrine and
metabolic level in obesity-type polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) patients.
METHODS: Eighty-six PCOS patients were randomly and equally divided into
medication group and abdominal acupuncture group. Patients of medication group
were treated with metformin (250 mg/time, t.i. d. in the 1st week, and 500
mg/time, t.i.d. thereafter) for 6 months,and those of abdominal acupuncture group
were treated by abdominal acupuncture [Zhongwan (CV 12), Liangmen (ST 21), etc.,
once daily for 6 months]. Changes of the body height, body Mass index (BMI),
waist-hip ratio (WHR), Ferriman-Galleey score (FGS), menstrual frequency (MF) and
ovarian volume (OV) were determined. Serum luteotrophic hormone (LH), free
testosterone (T), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) contents were detected with
radioimmunoassay. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (FIN), total
cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),
high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), Homa insulin resistance index (IRI)
were detected with chromatometry respectively.
RESULTS: After the treatment, BMI, WHR, FGS and OV were reduced significantly in
both medication and abdominal acupuncture groups (P < 0.05), while MF of the two
groups increased evidently (P < 0.05), and the effects of abdominal acupuncture
group were significantly superior to those of medication group in down-regulating
BMI, WHR and upregulating MF (P < 0.05). Regarding the reproductive hormons,
serum LH, LH/FSH and T levels in the two groups decreased significantly (P<
0.05), and the effect of abdominal acupuncture was superior to that of medication
group in reducing serum T level (P < 0.05). Following the treatment, FBG, BG and
FIN and INS contents 2 h after meal,and Homa IR in both medication and abdominal
acupuncture groups all decreased considerably (P < 0.05), but without significant
differences between them (P > 0.05). Regarding the blood lipid levels after the
treatment, serum TC, TG, and LDL-C levels of the two groups decreased
significantly (P < 0.05), while serum HDL-C level increased remarkably (P<0.05),
without significant differences between the two groups in these indexes (P >
0.05).
CONCLUSION: Abdominal acupuncture treatment can improve the endocrine and
metabolic function of patients with obesity-type PCOS.

PMID: 21090334  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


10. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2010 Oct;30(10):813-5.

[Observation on the effect of the catgut implantation treatment for obesity
hypertriglyceridemia].

[Article in Chinese]

Li YK, Yin GZ.

Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, The TCM Hospital Affiliated to
Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830000, China.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference in effectiveness between the catgut
implantation and Fenofibrate for obesity hypertriglyceridemia.
METHODS: Seventy-four patients were randomized divided into a catgut implantation
group (36 cases) and a medicine group (38 cases). The catgut implantation
treatment was applied at the acupoint of Zusanli (ST 36), Fenglong (ST 40),
Zhongwan (CV 12), Liangmen (ST 21), Tianshu (ST 25), Quchi (LI 11), Fujie (SP
14), Shangjuxu (ST 37) in catgut implantation group. The treatment of Fenofibrate
was used in medicine group. Both treatments last for eight weeks. The level of
triglyceride (TG) and the weight were examined in both groups before and after
receiving the treatments.
RESULTS: The change value of TG was(1.12 +/- 0.65) mmol/L in catgut implantation
group, (1.18 +/- 0.62) mmol/L in medicine group,there was no significant
difference between two groups. The weight was (73.1 +/- 6.6) kg in catgut
implantation group which was significantly lower than (76.2 +/- 8.6) kg in
medicine group (P < 0.01) after treatment.
CONCLUSION: The effectiveness is comparable in improving the level of
hypertriglyceridemia between two groups. The catgut implantation treatment has
apparent effect in weight loss; and it is a sound treatment for obesity
hypertriglyceridemia.

PMID: 21058476  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


11. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2010 Aug;30(8):637-41.

[Clinical observation on acupoint catgut embedding for treatment of non-alcoholic
steatohepatitis].

[Article in Chinese]

Liu XD, Wang M, Li YZ.

Department of Hepatobiliary Medicine, Ruikang Hospital Affiliated to Guangxi
College of TCM, Nanning 530011, China.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of acupoint catgut embedding and western
medication for treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
METHODS: Sixty cases were randomly divided into a catgut embedding group and a
western medicine group, 30 cases in each group. The catgut embedding group was
treated with acupoint catgut embedding at Geshu (BL 17), Ganshu (BL 18), Zhongwan
(CV 12), Qihai (CV 6), Zusanli (ST 36), Yanglingquan (GB 34), Fenglong (ST 40);
the western medicine group was treated with oral administration of Tiopronin till
the patients recovered normal liver function, then changed to take Xuezhikang
capsule. Four weeks for a course of treatment, two groups were treated with two
courses continuously. Then clinical symptoms, and levels of body mass index
(BMI), obesity degree, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase
(AST), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (gamma-GT), total cholesterol (TC),
triglyceride (TG) and CT ratio of liver and spleen before and after treatment
were compared between two groups.
RESULTS: BMI, obesity degree and the levels of ALT, AST, gamma-GT, TC, TG in the
serum decreased more significantly in two groups after treatment (all P<0.05),
and there were significant differences between two groups (all P<0.05), the
catgut embedding group decreased more significantly. CT ratio of liver and spleen
was improved after treatment compared with that before treatment in two groups
(both P<0.05), and the improvement of CT ratio of liver and spleen in the catgut
embedding group was greater than that in the western medicine group (P<0.05). The
total effective rate of 90.0% (27/30) in the catgut embedding group was superior
to that of 76.7% (23/30) in the western medicine group, and the total efficiency
of catgut embedding group was more effective than that in the western medicine
group (P<0.05).
CONCLUSION: Acupoint catgut embedding is an effective method for the treatment of
non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and this therapy is superior to oral administration
of Tiopronin and Xuezhikang capsule.

PMID: 20942279  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


12. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2010 Jul;30(7):555-8.

[Effects of acupuncture combined with diet adjustment and aerobic exercise on
weight and waist-hip ratio in simple obesity patients].

[Article in Chinese]

Yang JJ, Xing HJ, Xiao HL, Li Q, Li M, Wang SJ.

Department of Acupuncture, College of TCM of Hebei Medical University,
Shijiazhuang 050091, China.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the therapeutic effects of acupuncture combined with diet
adjustment and aerobic exercise and simple diet adjustment combined with aerobic
exercise for treatment of simple obesity, in order to scientifically evaluate the
therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with diet adjustment and aerobic
exercise for simple obesity.
METHODS: Sixty-one cases were randomly divided into an observation group (31
cases) and a control group (30 cases). The control group was treated with diet
adjustment combined with aerobic exercise, on the basis of this, the observation
group was treated with acupuncture at Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Guanyuan
(CV 4), Zusanli (ST 36), Fenglong (ST 40) and Yinlingquan (SP 9) etc., once a
day, 15 days constituting one course. After three course of treatment, the
changes of body weight and waist-hip ratio (WHR) in both groups were observed
before and after treatment.
RESULTS: After one course of treatment, both the body weight and WHR in the
observation group were obviously lower than those of control group (both P <
0.05); after two courses of treatment, there were no significant differences of
body weight and WHR between two groups (both P > 0.05); after three courses of
treatment, the body weight of observation group was obviously lower than that of
control group (P < 0.05), there was no significant difference of WHR between two
groups (P > 0.05); the body weight and WHR of both groups were obviously
decreased after treatment (both P < 0.01); the difference comparison of the body
weight in observation group was obviously higher than that of control group
before and after treatment (P < 0.01).
CONCLUSION: Both two treatments can decrease the body weight and WHR of patients
with simple obesity, while the effect of acupuncture combined with diet
adjustment and aerobic exercise is more obvious in the early stage of the
treatment for body weight and WHR.

PMID: 20862937  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


13. Am J Chin Med. 2010;38(5):861-7.

Clinical observations on laser acupuncture in simple obesity therapy.

Hu WL, Chang CH, Hung YC.

Department of Chinese Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Kaohsiung Medical
Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taiwan.

A previous study has shown that laser acupuncture is a useful healing method for
the treatment of visceral postmenopausal obesity in combination with a
low-calorie diet. We observe and evaluate the therapeutic effect of laser
acupuncture in subjects of simple obesity with a non-restrictive diet protocol.
Subjects included 73 women and 22 men with simple obesity and body mass indices >
or = 27 kg/m2. Daily energy intake recommendations for obese females and males
were 1620.0 and 1894.2 kcal in average, respectively. The gallium aluminum
arsenide Handylaser Trion was used to apply 0.25 J of energy to each of the
following acupuncture points three times per week for four consecutive weeks:
Stomach, Hunger, ST25, ST28, ST40, SP15, and CV9. The subjects' body weights and
body mass indices were recorded before treatment, and four weeks after treatment,
and the percent reduction in each parameter was calculated. Statistically
significant reductions in body weight and body mass index were detected after
four weeks of treatment. The mean reduction and mean percent reduction in body
weight were 3.17 kg and 3.80% (p < 0.0001), respectively. The corresponding
values for the body mass index were 1.22 kg/m2 and 3.78% (p < 0.0001),
respectively. We concluded that laser acupuncture was found to exert a
therapeutic effect on simple obesity by reducing both body weight and body mass
index. Moreover, subjects showed good compliance with this comfortable and
non-restrictive diet protocol.

PMID: 20821818  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


14. Am J Chin Med. 2010;38(4):683-94.

Electrical acupoint stimulation changes body composition and the meridian systems
in postmenopausal women with obesity.

Lin CH, Lin YM, Liu CF.

Department of Nursing, Ching Kuo Institute of Management and Health, Keelung,
Taiwan.

This study evaluates the effects of electrical stimulation on body composition
and the meridian system in postmenopausal women with obesity. Forty-one
postmenopausal women were recruited in Taiwan. The body composition was used as a
screening test for obesity (percentage of body fat: > 30%, waist circumference: >
80 cm). The experimental group (EG, n = 20) received modulated middle-frequency
electrical stimulation treatment for 20 min twice a week for 12 consecutive weeks
at the Zusanli (ST36) and Sanyinjiao (SP6) acupoints. The control group (CG, n =
21) did not receive any intervention. The measurements of body composition and
the meridian system were recorded for both groups in the pre- and post-study. The
results showed that the data of body composition (weight, waist and hip
circumference, percentage of body fat, and percentage of lean muscle mass)
changed considerably in the EG (p < 0.05); however, no significant difference was
observed in the CG. The left triple burner meridian changed notably in both EG
and CG throughout the study (p < 0.05), however there was no difference between
the two groups in the overall mean value, up-down ratio, qi and blood ratio, and
yin-yang ratio. Our findings suggest that modulated middle-frequency electrical
stimulation could help to improve body composition in postmenopausal women with
obesity, potentially providing them with better care and health by integrating
Western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine.

PMID: 20626054  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


15. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2010 Apr;22(2):128-31.

Electroacupoint stimulation for postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients
undergoing supratentorial craniotomy.

Wang XQ, Yu JL, Du ZY, Xu R, Jiang CC, Gao X.

Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai,
China.

OBJECTS: We evaluated the effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical acupoint
stimulation (TEAS) at the P6 acupoint for prevention of postoperative nausea and
vomiting in patients undergoing supratentorial craniotomy.
METHODS: The study population was patients aged 20 to 60 years who underwent
supratentorial craniotomy under general anesthesia. Exclusion criteria were
obesity, diabetes mellitus, and a history of motion sickness, postoperative
nausea and vomiting, or smoking. Patients were randomized into 2 groups:
stimulation and control. In the former, transcutaneous stimulation electrodes
were placed at the right P6 acupoint. In controls, electrodes were positioned at
a nonacupoint site. Patients received a standard general anesthesia. Ondansetron
was given as a routine antiemetic treatment for each patient before skin closure.
Postoperatively, metoclopramide (10 mg, i.v.) was administered as a rescue
antiemetic.
RESULT: Forty patients received TEAS and 40 were controls. In the TEAS group, 18%
of patients had nausea compared with 37% of the controls. The cumulative
prevalence of vomiting was 12.5% with acustimulation and 32.5% in controls
(P<0.05). The prevalence of nausea, vomiting was significantly lower with TEAS at
the P6 acupoint.
CONCLUSIONS: TEAS at the P6 meridian points is an effective adjunct to standard
antiemetic drug therapy for prevention of nausea and vomiting in patients
undergoing supratentorial craniotomy.

PMID: 20308818  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


16. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2010 Feb;30(2):103-6.

[Clinical observation on therapeutic effect of electric-heat needle combined with
acupoint sticking therapy for treatment of simple obesity].

[Article in Chinese]

Zhu Y, Zhang FX, Li B, Zhang P, Song P.

Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Beijing Tongzhou District Hospital of
TCM, Beijing 101100, China. آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

OBJECTIVE: To observe clinical effect differences between electric-heat needle
combined with acupoint sticking therapy and oral administration of western
medicine for treatment of simple obesity of spleen deficiency and dampness
stagnation type.
METHODS: The electric-heat needle combined with acupoint sticking therapy group
(n=80) was treated with acupuncture at Daimai (GB 26), Zhongwan (CV 12), Zusanli
(ST 36), etc. and acupoint sticking therapy at Shenque (CV 8), Zhongwan (CV 12),
Guanyuan (CV 4), etc., and the western medicine group (n=41) was treated with
oral administration of Sibutramine Hydrochloride capsules. The therapeutic
effects were observed after 4 weeks of treatment in the two groups.
RESULTS: The total effective rate was 97.5% (78/80) in the electric-heat needle
combined with acupoint sticking therapy group and 70.7% (29/41) in the western
medicine group, with a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Electric-heat needle combined with acupoint stic-king therapy has
better therapeutic effect on simple obesity of spleen deficiency and dampness
stagnation type than that of oral administration of Sibutramine Hydrochloride
capsules.

PMID: 20214064  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


17. Am J Chin Med. 2009;37(6):1023-30.

Observation of sympathomimetic effect of ear acupuncture stimulation for body
weight reduction.

Shen EY, Hsieh CL, Chang YH, Lin JG.

Graduate Institute of Acupuncture Science, China Medical University, Taichung,
Taiwan. آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

Ear acupuncture stimulation has been used for body weight reduction as early as
the 1970s. Several hypotheses have been proposed in literature regarding its
mechanism of action, among which are the effects of the stimulation of the
hypothalamic satiety center on decreased neuropeptide Y production. Here, we
present another possible mechanism to account for the temporary and short-term
effects of ear acupuncture stimulation in the treatment of obesity, the
sympathetic effects of the autonomic nervous system. 14 female volunteers
underwent a randomized clinical trial of the ear acupuncture stimulation. A
prospective, sham-point control, crossover study was performed with two
sequential four-week stimulation periods separated by a two-week washout
interval. The clinical features of and effects on the autonomic nervous system
were recorded and analyzed. Decreased body weight was observed in both the
experimental and the control groups in the first 4 weeks of stimulation.
Sympathomimetic effects were also noted in both groups. Whereas the
sympathomimetic effects and body weight reduction were sustained in the
experimental group in the second 4 weeks of stimulation, such effects were not
observed in the control group. Some sympathomimetic effects were noted in both
the experimental and the control groups initially. This effect remained apparent
in the experimental group in sequential stimulation but was lost in the control
group. Consequently, we believe that sympathomimetic effects may account for the
reduction in body weight by temporarily increasing basal metabolic rate and
decreasing appetite, but the body may regain weight after the termination of such
effects. Accordingly, the combination of an optimal exercise and diet program
with repeated acupoint therapy may be necessary to maintain a healthy body
weight.

PMID: 19938213  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


18. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2009 Sep;29(9):703-7.

[Clinical observation on electroacupuncture combined with catgut implantation at
acupoints for treatment of simple obesity of heart and spleen deficiency type].

[Article in Chinese]

Tang CL, Dai DC, Zhao GF, Zhu WF, Mei LF.

Department, Kunshan Hospital of TCM in Jiangsu Province, Kunshan 215300, China.
آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

OBJECTIVE: To observe the interventional effect of electroacupuncture combined
with catgut implantation at acupoints for treatment of simple obesity of heart
and spleen deficiency type.
METHODS: Sixty five cases were randomly divided into an observation group (33
cases) and a control group (32 cases). The observation group was treated with
electroacupuncture combined with catgut implantation at acupoint therapy, the
electroacupuncture was applied at Zhongwan (CV 12), Xiawan (CV 10), Guanyuan (CV
4), Tianshu (ST 25), ect. and catgut implantation was given at Zhongwan (CV 12),
Tianshu (ST 25), Qihai (CV 6), etc. The control group was treated with
electroacupuncture only. The body weight, body mass index (BMI), waistline, waist
hip ratio (WHR), Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), Hamilton anxiety scale
(HAMA) and Hamilton depression scale (HAMD, 17 items) were evaluated before and
after treatment, and these were also compared with those of 35 nomal cases.
RESULTS: The total effective rate of 93.9% in the observation group was higher
than that of 84.4% in the control group (P < 0.05); the body weight, BMI,
waistline, WHR, PSQI, HAMD and HAMA of simple obesity cases were obviously higher
than those of normal cases (all P < 0.05). The scores of above indexes were all
obviously decreased in both groups after treatment (all P < 0.05), and the
improvement was more significant in observation group (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: The sleep quality reduction and mental and psychology disorder exist
in simple obesity patients, and electroacupuncture combined with catgut
implantation at acupoints can reduce weight effectively, and at the same time
improve the sleep quality and regulate psychological state.

PMID: 19803235  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


19. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2009 Jun;18(6):813-8.

The effect of auricular acupuncture in obese women: a randomized controlled
trial.

Hsu CH, Wang CJ, Hwang KC, Lee TY, Chou P, Chang HH.

Institute of Traditional Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming
University, Taipei, Taiwan.

BACKGROUND: The aims of this randomized study are to examine the effect of
auricular acupuncture on obese women and to explore the relationship between the
effect of auricular acupuncture and obesity-related hormone peptides.
METHODS: Forty-five of 60 obese women aged between 16 and 65 years with body mass
index (BMI) >27 kg/m2 and who had not received any other weight control maneuvers
within the last 3 months completed this study. The subjects were blinded and
randomly divided into groups A and B. Group A (n = 23) received auricular
acupuncture, and group B (n = 22) received sham auricular acupuncture using
placebo needles, twice each week for 6 weeks. The subjects' body weight (BW),
BMI, waist circumference (WC), and obesity-related hormone peptides were measured
at the beginning of the study and after 6 weeks of treatment. The data were
compared and expressed as percent reductions.
RESULTS: This study found no statistical difference in percent reduction in BW,
BMI, and WC between the group receiving 6 weeks of auricular acupuncture
treatment and the control group. After treatment, group A revealed a significant
increase in ghrelin level and decrease in leptin level. On the other hand, group
B, who received sham auricular acupuncture, showed no significant difference in
ghrelin and leptin levels.
CONCLUSIONS: This study found no statistical difference in percent reduction in
BW, BMI, and WC between the two groups. No adverse effects of short-term
auricular acupuncture treatment were seen in the study. Auricular acupuncture may
have potential benefit on obesity-related hormone peptides.

PMID: 19445642  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


20. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2009 Mar;29(3):192-6.

[Observation on therapeutic effect of catgut implantation at acupoint on simple
obesity of different syndrome types].

[Article in Chinese]

Wang HQ, Ge BH, Dong GR.

Department of Acupuncture, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Chinese Medicine and
Western Medicine Affiliated to Shanghai University of TCM, Shanghai 200437,
China.

OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of catgut implantation at acupoint
on simple obesity of different syndrome types, so as to understand the syndrome
type most suitable to this therapy.
METHODS: Using prospective and double blind method one hundred and thirty-seven
cases were divided into a group of dampness stagnancy due to spleen deficiency
(n=30), a stomach heat-dampness stagnation group (n=30), a group of stagnation of
liver qi (n=27), a group of deficiency of both spleen and kidney (n=26) and a
group of endogenous heat due to yin deficiency (n=24). They were treated with
catgut implantation at main acupoints Liangmen (ST 21), Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu
(ST 25), Qihai (CV 6), Fenglong (ST 40) and adjuvant points selected according to
different syndromes, once each week, 4 weeks constituting one course, for 2
courses. Changes of body weight, body mass index (BMI), circumferences of chest,
waist and hip, and symptoms and signs before and after treatment were observed.
RESULTS: After treatment, the body weight, BMI, circumferences of waist and hip
in the 5 groups had significant changes; the total effective rates in the group
of dampness stagnancy due to spleen deficiency, the stomach heat-dampness
stagnation group, the group of stagnation of liver qi, the group of deficiency of
both spleen and kidney deficiency, the group of endogenous heat due to yin
deficiency were 83.3%, 93.3%, 48.2%, 69.2% and 41.70%, respectively.
CONCLUSION: The therapeutic effect of catgut implantation at acupoints is the
best for simple obesity of the stomach heat-dampness stagnation type and the
worst for the type of endogenous heat due to yin deficiency.

PMID: 19358500  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


21. Int J Obes (Lond). 2009 May;33(5):583-7. Epub 2009 Mar 10.

The effects of triple therapy (acupuncture, diet and exercise) on body weight: a
randomized, clinical trial.

Nourshahi M, Ahmadizad S, Nikbakht H, Heidarnia MA, Ernst E.

Department of Sport Physiology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of diet and
exercise vs acupuncture, diet and exercise on the body weight and related
parameters of adult women.
METHODS: Twenty-seven obese women with a body fat percentage of more than 30%
were randomized into three groups. The first experimental group had diet and
exercise, whereas the second experimental group had diet, exercise and
acupuncture. The control group received no intervention at all. The study period
lasted for 8 weeks. Body weight, skin fold thickness, body mass index and fat
mass were measured before and after 8 weeks.
RESULTS: Body mass index and fat mass, decreased significantly (P<0.05) in both
experimental groups when compared with the control group. However, there was no
significant difference between the two experimental groups. Changes in lean body
mass after 8 weeks were not significantly different from those in the control
group.
CONCLUSION: It is concluded that acupuncture combined with diet and exercise does
not generate larger reductions in body weight, fat mass or body mass index than
diet and exercise alone.

PMID: 19274056  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


22. J Tradit Chin Med. 2008 Dec;28(4):258-61.

Relation between treatment course and therapeutic effects of acupuncture for
female obesity of different types.

Sun H.

Beijing Tongren Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing
100730, China.

OBJECTIVE: To observe the relationship between treatment course and therapeutic
effect of acupuncture on female obesity in different types.
METHODS: The 83 cases of obesity were divided into two groups: abdominal obesity
group (AO, 31 cases) and symmetrical obesity group (SO, 52 cases). All of them
were treated by acupuncture for 3 months, 1 month as one course.
RESULTS: In Group AO, after one month of treatment, body mass index (BMI), waist
circumference (WC) and skin fat thickness (SFT) in the upper limbs (A), trunk (B)
and abdomen (at locations C and D) were very significantly reduced (P<0.01);
After 2 months of treatment, BMI, WC and SFT at C were also very significantly
reduced (P<0.01), SFT in A and at D was significantly reduced (P<0.05), but no
significant SFT difference was found in B (P>0.05); And after 3 months of
treatment, no difference was found in any indices. In Group SO, all the indices
including BMI, WC and SFT in A, B, C and D were reduced in the successive 3
months of treatment (P<0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: The therapeutic effect of acupuncture on abdominal obesity was
gradually lessened with the prolonging of treatment course, even without further
advance after reaching the normal body weight range. But for symmetrical obesity,
the effect was gradually advanced to reach the normal range. That their body
weight in a normal range will be kept stable without further reduction remains to
be studied further.

PMID: 19226893  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


23. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2008 Dec;28(12):888-90.

[Clinical observation on acupuncture combined with diet control for treatment of
simple obesity].

[Article in Chinese]

Chen ZX.

Department of Rehabilitation, Sanmenxia City Central Hospital, Sanmenxia, Henan
472000, China. آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

OBJECTIVE: To search for an effective method for increasing the therapeutic
effect on simple obesity.
METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-four cases of simple obesity were randomly
divided into an observation group (n=112), a control group I (n=112) and a
control group II (n=110). The observation group was treated with acupuncture at
Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Guanyuan (CV 4), and diet control, the control
group I with simple acupuncture and the control group II with diet control.
RESULTS: Of the 334 cases enrolled, 66 withdrawn from the experiment (3 cases in
the observation group, 5 cases in the control group I and 58 cases in the control
group II ). The total effective rate was 91.8% in the observation group, 75.7% in
the control group I and 73.1% in the control group I, with a significant
differences as the observation group compared with the control group I or the
control group II (both P<0.005); the effect-rebounding rate one year later in the
observation group or the control group I was significantly different from that of
the control group II (both P<0.001); and the number of cases withdrawning from
the experiment in the control group II was significantly different from that in
the observation group or in the control group I (both P<0.001).
CONCLUSION: Acupuncture combined with diet control has a significant effect on
simple obesity with a lower rate of the effect-rebounding, and it is easily
accepted.

PMID: 19127915  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


24. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2008 Jun;28(6):402-4.

[Observation on therapeutic effect of acupoint sticking therapy on simple
obesity].

[Article in Chinese]

Yin LL, Li YH, Wang SX.

Department of Acupuncture, The First Affiliated Hospital of Tianjin University of
TCM, Tianjin 300193, China. آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

OBJECTIVE: To probe into effectiveness and safety of acupoint sticking therapy
for simple obesity.
METHODS: One hundred and eight cases were randomly divided into an acupoint
sticking group (n = 58) and an acupuncture group (n = 50). The acupoint sticking
group were treated with TCM plaster sticking at Zhongwan (CV 12), Guanyuan (CV
4), Qihai (CV 6), etc. The acupuncture group were treated with simple acupuncture
at Zhongji (CV 3), Guanyuan (CV 4), Qihai (CV 6), etc. Their therapeutic effects
were observed after 3 therapeutic courses.
RESULTS: The total effective rate was 84.5% in the acupoint sticking group, 86.0%
in the acupuncture group with no significant difference between the two groups (P
> 0.05); after treatment, the body weight, body mass index, waist circumference,
hip circumference decreased and the cumulative score of clinical symptoms
decreased in the two groups with no significant difference between the two
groups, but the waist-hip ratio did not significantly change.
CONCLUSION: TCM acupoint sticking therapy has a definite therapeutic effect on
simple obesity.

PMID: 18630534  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


25. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2008 Feb;28(2):95-7.

[Effects of acupuncture on body mass index and waist-hip ratio in the patient of
simple obesity].

[Article in Chinese]

He L, Gao XL, Deng HX, Zhao YX.

Section of Acupuncture, Hospital of TCM, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang
050011, China. آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of acupuncture for slimming.
METHODS: Eighty cases of simple obesity were randomly divided into an acupuncture
group and a medication group, 40 cases in each group. The acupuncture group were
treated with body acupuncture, electroacupuncture and auricular acupoint taping
and pressing, with Tianshu (ST 25), Guanyuan (CV 4), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) etc.
selected for body acupuncture, and auricular acupoints Shenmen, Neifenmi
(endocrine), Pi (spleen) etc. selected for ear acupoint taping and pressing. And
the medication group were treated with oral administration of Sibutramine. Body
weight, body mass index, waist and hip circumferences and waist-hip ratio were
determined before and after treatment to evaluate therapeutic effect of slimming.
RESULTS: The total effective rate of 87.5% in the acupuncture group was similar
to 82.5% in the medication group (P > 0.05). After treatment, body weight, body
mass index, waist and hip circumferences and waist-hip ratio significantly
decreased in the two groups, but the improvement of waist circumferences and
waist-hip ratio in the acupuncture group was better than that in the medication
group (P < 0. 05).
CONCLUSION: Acupuncture has a definite therapeutic effect in slimming and it can
effectively improve body weight, body mass index, waist and hip circumferences
and waist-hip ratio in the patient of simple obesity.

PMID: 18405150  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


26. J Altern Complement Med. 2008 Apr;14(3):309-14.

Effects of ear points' pressing on parameters related to obesity in non-obese
healthy and obese volunteers.

Yeh CH, Yeh SC.

Department of Family Medicine, Zuoying Armed Force General Hospital, Kaohsiung
813, Taiwan. آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ear points'
pressing at ear meridian points on the following obesity-related parameters: body
weight; body fat; body-mass index; waist; hip circumference (HC); and waist
circumference (WC)/HC ratio between two groups of subjects, nonobese healthy and
obese volunteers.
METHODS: The study was an open-parallel randomized controlled trial and the
sample consisted of 31 nonobese healthy (BMI < 27 kg/m(2)) volunteers and 7 obese
(BMI > or = 27 kg/m(2)) volunteers who were randomly divided into two groups. In
the treatment group, ear points' pressing at 5 ear meridian points was applied,
while volunteers in the control group did not receive any intervention. At
baseline and each week of the 9-week study, the outcomes mentioned above were
examined in all volunteers.
RESULTS: There was a statistically significant drop in WC and HC during the
9-week treatment in the treatment and the control group in the healthy
volunteers. In the treatment group, WC decreased from 77.63 +/- 11.95 cm to 75.06
+/- 12.21 cm (p = 0.005) and HC dropped from 99.10 +/- 9.46 cm to 96.75 +/- 11.35
cm (p = 0.005). In the control group, WC decreased from 77.51 +/- 11.96 cm to
75.23 +/- 10.76 cm (p = 0.001) and HC dropped from 99.70 +/- 7.72 cm to 97.66 +/-
8.39 cm (p = 0.002). Then, when a subgroup analysis in healthy and obese
volunteers was performed, it produced. It showed the same result-a statistically
significant drop in WC and HC in healthy volunteers, while no significant drop
was found in obese volunteers.
CONCLUSIONS: Even though the result showed a statistically significant drop in WC
and HC during the 9-week treatment in both the treatment and control groups of
healthy volunteers, there was no statistically significant change in outcomes in
the obese group. Further studies are needed to detect the effect of ear points'
pressing by increasing sample sizes and conducting randomized control trials with
both healthy and obese volunteers.

PMID: 18377231  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


27. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2007 Oct;27(10):738-40.

[Effect of acupuncture on serum insulin level in the patient of simple obesity].

[Article in Chinese]

Gao XL, He L, Zhang XJ, Ding M.

(Section of Acup-Moxibustion, TCM Hospital of Hebei Medical University,
Shijiazhuang 050011, China. آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

OBJECTIVE: To compare therapeutic effects of acupuncture plus ear point tapping
and pressing therapy and simple medicine for slimming and to probe the mechanism.
METHODS: Fifty cases of simple obesity were randomly divided into an acupuncture
group and a medication group, 25 cases in each group. The acupuncture group were
treated with body acupuncture and electroacupuncture at Tianshu (ST 25), Guanyuan
(CV 4), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Feng-long (ST 40), Zusanli (ST 36), etc., combined
with ear point sticking and pressing at Shenmen, Nei-fenmi (endocrine), Pi
(spleen), Wei (stomach), Sanjiao (triple energy), Dachang (large intestine),
etc.. The medication group were treated with oral administration of Sibutramine,
once each day, 10 mg each time. Serum insulin contents before and after treatment
were detected, and the therapeutic effect for slimming was assessed.
RESULTS: The total effective rate was 88.0% in the acupuncture group and 80.0% in
the medication group, with no significant difference between the two groups (P >
0.05); after treatment, the serum insulin levels in the two groups significantly
decreased (P < 0.01), and the decrease of insulin level in the acupuncture group
was significantly better than that in the medication group (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Acupuncture combined with ear point tapping and pressing therapy has
a similar therapeutic effect to western medicine for slimming, but the former is
better than the later in improving serum insulin level.

PMID: 18257349  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


28. Am J Chin Med. 2007;35(6):955-65.

Serum IgG, IgA, IgM, and IgE levels after electroacupuncture and diet therapy in
obese women.

Cabioglu MT, Ergene N, Surucu HS, Celik HH, Findik D.

Department of Physiology, Medical Faculty, Başkent University, Ankara, Turkey.
آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

We investigated the effect of acupuncture therapy on obese women's body weight
and peripheral blood levels of serum immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin A
(IgA), immunoglobulin M (IgM), and immunoglobulin E (IgE). Sixty-three healthy
women were assigned into 3 groups: placebo electroacupuncture (n = 13; mean age,
40.5 +/- 4.2 years; body mass index [BMI], 33.5 +/- 4.2), diet restriction (n =
23; mean age, 42.9 +/- 4.0 years; BMI, 34.6 +/- 2.9), and electroacupuncture (n =
24; mean age, 40.1 +/- 5.9 years; BMI, 33.9 +/- 2.7). Electroacupuncture was
applied to the Hunger and Shen Men ear points and to the LI 4, LI 11, St 36, St
44, and Ren 6 body points for 30 min once daily for 20 days. A restricted diet of
1400 kilocalories was given to participants in all 3 groups for 20 days. Weight
was lost significantly in subjects in the electroacupuncture group compared to
those in the diet restriction and placebo electroacupuncture groups (p < 0.000,
Tukey test). Modulations in serum IgG (p < 0.001) were apparent in women treated
with electroacupuncture compared with women treated with placebo
electroacupuncture and restricted diet only. No significant changes were seen in
serum IgA, IgM, and IgE levels among the 3 groups. Our results suggest that
electroacupuncture can be effectively used to treat obesity. We also observed a
modulating effect of serum IgG, which is associated with weight loss, in patients
in the electroacupuncture group.

PMID: 18186582  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


29. Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2007 Aug;32(4):264-7.

[Effect of electroacupuncture on leptin and adiponectin in simple obesity
patients].

[Article in Chinese]

Luo HL, Li RH.

College of Chinese Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400050,
China. آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

OBJECTIVE: To probe into the underlying mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) for
simple obesity patients.
METHODS: Sixty simple obesity patients were randomly divided into control, manual
acupuncture (MA) and EA groups with 20 cases in each group. Acupoint groups (1)
Liangqiu (ST 34), Xuehai (SP 10), etc.; (2) Gongsun (SP 4), Neiting (ST 44), etc.
were punctured respectively for MA groups (once every other day, 27 times
altogether), and in combination with EA (2-5 mA, 0.8-3 Hz, 30 min) of bilateral
Tianshu (ST 25), Fujie (SP 14), etc. for EA group. Serum leptin (Lep) and
adiponectin (Adi) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
RESULTS: After the treatment, of the 20 cases in control, MA and EA groups, 0
(0%), 0(0%) and 4 (20. 0%) were cured; 0 (0%), 10 (50.0%) and 14 (70.0%) were
improved remarkably; 1 (5.0%), 7 (35.0%) and 1 (5.0%) were effective; 19 (95.0%),
3 (15.0%) and 1 (5.0%) failed, with the effective rates being 5.0%, 85.0% and
95.0% separately. The therapeutic effects of both MA and EA groups were
significantly higher than that of control group (P < 0.01). After the treatment,
serum Lep levels in both MA and EA groups decreased significantly, and serum Adi
contents of these two groups increased considerably compared with their own basic
values of pre-treatment (P < 0.05, 0.01), and the effects of EA were markedly
better than those of MA and control groups (P < 0.05). No significant changes
were found in Lep and Adi levels in control group (P > 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Both EA and manual acupuncture can effectively lower blood Lep
content and raise blood Adi in simple obesity patients, which may contribute to
its effect in reducing body. weight. The effect of EA is significantly superior t
o that of manual acupuncture in the treatment of simple obesity.

PMID: 17907391  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


30. Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2007 Apr;32(2):128-31.

[Clinical observation on the regularity of acupuncture-induced body-reduction in
excess-heat-type obesity patients ].

[Article in Chinese]

Bai YP, Fu JY.

Acu-moxibnstion and Massotherapy Hospital, Zhejiang College of Chinese Medicine,
Hangzhoa 310009, China. آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the regularity of acupuncture of the Stomach Meridian
for excess-heat-type obesity.
METHODS: Fifty-one patients with gastrointestine excess-heat syndrome were
randomly divided into treatment group (n = 25) and control group (n = 26)
according to the random number table method. Patients of treatment group were
treated mainly with acupuncture of acupoints of the Stomach Meridian as bilateral
Liangmen (ST 21), Huaroumen (ST 24), Tianshu (ST 25), Wailing (ST 26), etc. and
those of control group were treated with acupuncture of Back-Shu and Front-Mu
points as bilateral Weishu (BL 21), Dachangshu (BL 25), Xiaochangshu (BL 27),
Hegu (LI 4), etc. which were also stimulated electrically with parameters of
40-100 Hz, 3- 10 mA and stimulation duration of 30 mm. The treatment was given
once every other day continuously for 3 months. Body weight, body mass index
(BMI), waistline and clinical symptoms were recorded before and after each course
of the treatment.
RESULTS: After the treatment, of the 25 and 26 cases in treatment and control
groups, 5 and 0 were cured, 9 and 7 had marked improvement, 7 and 10 improved, 4
and 9 failed, with the effective rates being 84.00% and 65.38% separately.
Compared with control group and pre-treatment of the same group, the waistline,
body weight and BMI of treatment group decreased significantly (P < 0.05, 0.01).
CONCLUSION: Acupuncture of acupoints of the Stomach Meridian has a good
therapeutic effect in reducing body weight in gastrointestine excess-heat-type
obesity patients.

PMID: 17650659  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


31. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2007 May;27(5):337-40.

[Comparison and analysis of therapeutic effects of different therapies on simple
obesity].

[Article in Chinese]

Bu TW, Tian XL, Wang SJ, Liu W, Li XL, Tan YH.

آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

OBJECTIVE: To search for the best therapy for simple obesity.
METHODS: Eighty cases were randomly divided into 3 groups. The body acupuncture
group were treated based on the syndrome of heat of stomach and intestine,
syndrome of spleen deficiency and stagnation of dampness, and syndrome of spleen
and kidney yang-deficiency; the auricular and body acupuncture group were treated
by the syndrome treatment of body acupuncture combined with auricular point
sticking; the observation group were treated by the combined auricular and body
acupuncture treatment plus moving cupping on back-shu points. Body weight, BMI,
body fatd, blood lipids and clinically main symptoms before and after treatment
were investigated.
RESULTS: The total effective rate was 69.6% in the body acupuncture group, 76.0%.
in the auricular and body acupuncture group, and 90.6% treated in the observation
group, with significant differences in the therapeutic effect, clinically main
symptoms, external indexes of obesity and kidney ang-blood lipid metabolism
between the observation group and the body acupuncture group. The various indexes
in the auricular and body acupuncture group were superior to those iwere tthe
body acupuncture group, with no significant differences in most indexes.
CONCLUSION: Auricular and body acupuncture combined with moving cupping at
back-shu points has obvious therapeutic effect on simple obesity and this is a
better therapy for simple obesity.

PMID: 17645254  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


32. Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2007 Feb;32(1):49-52.

[Effect of acupoint catgut embedding on TNF-alpha and insulin resistance in
simple obesity patients].

[Article in Chinese]

Chen F, Wu S, Zhang Y.

People's Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430060, China

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the underlying mechanism of acupoint-catgut-embedding
in the treatment of simple obesity.
METHODS: Eighty simple obesity patients were randomly and evenly divided into
acupoint-catgut-embedding group and acupuncture group according to the random
number table method. Main acupoints selected on the basis of differentiation of
symptoms and signs were Liangqiu (ST 34), Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25),
Shuifen (CV 9), Fenglong (ST 40) and Ashi-point. Catgut embedding was performed
once a week, with 4 weeks being a therapeutic course. Acupuncture was given once
daily in the 1st 5 days, and once, every other day thereafter. Before and after
the treatment, body weight (BW) and body mass index (BMI) were detected; fasting
blood samples were collected from the ulnar vein for detecting insulin (FINS) and
glucose (FBG) contents, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha concentration with
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); and insulin resistance index (IR) was
calculated by using Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA).
RESULTS: Compared with control group, values of BW, BMI, serum FINS, serum FBG,
serum TNF-alpha contents and HOMA-IR of acupoint-catgut-embedding and acupuncture
groups were significantly higher (P < 0.01) before the treatment. Compared with
pretreatment, BW, BMI, FINS, HOMA-IR and TNF-alpha of both
acupoint-catgut-embedding and acupuncture groups decreased significantly after
one course of treatment (P < 0.05, 0.01), but no significant differences were
found between these two groups in these 6 indexes (P > 0.05). After the
treatment, of the two 40 cases in acupuncture and acupoint-catgut-embedding
groups, 12 and 13 were cured, 13 and 15 had a marked improvement, 10 and 8 had an
improvement, 5 and 4 failed, with the effective rates being 87.5% and 90.0%
respectively. No significant difference was found between two groups in the
effective rate (P > 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Both acupoint-catgut-embedding and acupuncture have a definite
therapeutic effect in the treatment of simple obesity, which is closely
associated with the decline of serum insulin, glucose and TNF-alpha levels, and
the decrease of insulin resistance.

PMID: 17580441  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


33. Int J Neurosci. 2007 May;117(5):591-5.

Increased temperature at acupuncture points induced by weight reduction in obese
patients: a preliminary study.

Kwon YD, Lee JH, Lee MS.

Department of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, Wonkwang University Hospital,
Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

This study investigated the temperature changes at acupuncture points resulting
from a weight reduction program. A standard method using a digital infrared
thermographic imaging device was employed to monitor the temperature at 20
acupuncture points in 32 participants treated for obesity at an Oriental obesity
clinic. There were significant temperature increases at all of the acupuncture
points except for LI4 (Hegu) and TE5 (Waiguan). The mean total temperature change
at the acupuncture points was significantly correlated with the BMI change (r =
.588, p < .001). The weight-reduction-induced increase in temperature at
acupuncture points may reflect improvements in the circulation of energy flows.
However, further study is necessary to understand fully the relationship between
the temperature at acupuncture points and weight reduction, including the use of
appropriate controls.

PMID: 17464777  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


34. Int J Neurosci. 2007 May;117(5):579-90.

Electroacupuncture treatment of obesity with psychological symptoms.

Cabioglu MT, Ergene N, Tan U.

Department of Physiology, Selçuk University, Meram Medical School, Konya, Turkey.
آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

The aim was to study the effect of placebo EA, electroacupuncture (EA), and diet
on obesity and accompanying psychological symptoms. One hundred and sixty-five
volunteer women participated in the study. There were three groups: (i) Placebo
EA, (ii) EA, and (iii) diet restriction group. EA was performed by using three
ear and six body points. There was a 4.8% reduction in weight of patients with EA
application, whereas patients with a diet restriction and placebo EA had a 2.5%
and 2.7% weight reduction, respectively. There were significant decreases in
phobia, anger, anxiety, obsession, paranoid symptoms, and depression in the EA
groups compared to those of the placebo EA and diet groups. It was suggested that
electroacupuncture may be an effective therapy for obesity including the
psychological signs and symptoms in women.

PMID: 17464776  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


35. J Tradit Chin Med. 2007 Mar;27(1):26-7.

Acupuncture treatment of obesity with magnetic needles--a report of 100 cases.

Wang B, Lei F, Cheng G.

The First Hospital of Xi'an Municipality, Shaanxi 710002, China.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of acupuncture for obesity.
METHOD: Points were selected according to the pattern identified, and punctured
with the No.30 magnetic needles.
RESULT: A total effective rate of 97% was achieved after 15 sessions were
completed.
CONCLUSION: The therapy can reduce the body weight by accelerating the
peristalsis and inhibiting the hunger sensation.

PMID: 17393620  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


36. Hypertension. 2006 Nov;48(5):838-45. Epub 2006 Oct 2.

Stop Hypertension with the Acupuncture Research Program (SHARP): results of a
randomized, controlled clinical trial.

Macklin EA, Wayne PM, Kalish LA, Valaskatgis P, Thompson J, Pian-Smith MC, Zhang
Q, Stevens S, Goertz C, Prineas RJ, Buczynski B, Zusman RM.

New England Research Institutes, Inc, 9 Galen St, Watertown, MA 02472, USA.
آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

Comment in
Hypertension. 2006 Nov;48(5):815.
Forsch Komplementmed. 2007 Dec;14(6):371-3.
Forsch Komplementmed. 2007 Dec;14(6):371, 373-4.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2007 Jan;9(1):75-7.
Forsch Komplementmed. 2007 Dec;14(6):371, 374-5.

Case studies and small trials suggest that acupuncture may effectively treat
hypertension, but no large randomized trials have been reported. The Stop
Hypertension with the Acupuncture Research Program pilot trial enrolled 192
participants with untreated blood pressure (BP) in the range of 140/90 to 179/109
mm Hg. The design of the trial combined rigorous methodology and adherence to
principles of traditional Chinese medicine. Participants were weaned off
antihypertensives before enrollment and were then randomly assigned to 3
treatments: individualized traditional Chinese acupuncture, standardized
acupuncture at preselected points, or invasive sham acupuncture. Participants
received < or = 12 acupuncture treatments over 6 to 8 weeks. During the first 10
weeks after random assignment, BP was monitored every 14 days, and
antihypertensives were prescribed if BP exceeded 180/110 mm Hg. The mean BP
decrease from baseline to 10 weeks, the primary end point, did not differ
significantly between participants randomly assigned to active (individualized
and standardized) versus sham acupuncture (systolic BP: -3.56 versus -3.84 mm Hg,
respectively; 95% CI for the difference: -4.0 to 4.6 mm Hg; P=0.90; diastolic BP:
-4.32 versus -2.81 mm Hg, 95% CI for the difference: -3.6 to 0.6 mm Hg; P=0.16).
Categorizing participants by age, race, gender, baseline BP, history of
antihypertensive use, obesity, or primary traditional Chinese medicine diagnosis
did not reveal any subgroups for which the benefits of active acupuncture
differed significantly from sham acupuncture. Active acupuncture provided no
greater benefit than invasive sham acupuncture in reducing systolic or diastolic
BP.

PMID: 17015784  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


37. Am J Chin Med. 2006;34(1):1-11.

Changes in serum leptin and beta endorphin levels with weight loss by
electroacupuncture and diet restriction in obesity treatment.

Cabioğlu MT, Ergene N.

Cabioglu Acupuncture Treatment Clinic, Selçuklu 42040, Konya, Turkey.
آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

This study aims to investigate the role of changes in leptin and beta endorphin
(BE) levels in weight loss following electroacupuncture (EA) application in
obesity treatment. EA was applied to 20 females who were 41.45 +/- 4.71 years old
and had a body mass index of 36.00 +/- 2.66; and a diet program was applied to 20
females who were 42.30 +/- 4.35 years old and had a body mass index of 34.90 +/-
3.21. There was a 4.5% weight reduction in the patients with EA application,
whereas patients on diet restriction had a 3.1% weight reduction. A decrease of
loss of body weight was observed in the EA group (p < 0.000) when compared
against the diet restricted group. A decrease of serum leptin levels (p < 0.000)
and an increase in the serum BE (p < 0.05) levels were observed in the EA group
compared to the diet restricted group. In this study, reduced serum leptin levels
paralleling to weight loss were observed in the EA group. Furthermore, it is
thought that in the EA applied group, increasing serum BE level probably enhanced
the lipolitic activity which may have caused weight loss in obese people by
mobilizing energy stores. It may be considered that the EA application with diet
restriction in obesity treatment is more effective than the diet restriction
alone.

PMID: 16437734  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


38. Am J Chin Med. 2005;33(4):525-33.

Electroacupuncture therapy for weight loss reduces serum total cholesterol,
triglycerides, and LDL cholesterol levels in obese women.

Cabioğlu MT, Ergene N.

Cabioglu Acupuncture Treatment Clinic, Selçuklu 42040, Konya, Turkey.
آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

Our purpose in this study was to investigate the effect of acupuncture therapy on
body weight and on levels of the serum total cholesterol, triglyceride,
high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
cholesterol in obese women. Fifty-five women were studied in three groups as
follows: (1) control group (n = 12; mean age = 43.3 +/- 4.3, and mean body mass
index {BMI} = 32.2 +/- 3.4); (2) electroacupuncture (EA) (n = 22; mean age = 39.8
+/- 5.3, and BMI = 34.8 +/- 3.3); and (3) diet restriction (n = 21; mean age =
42.7 +/- 3.9, and BMI = 34.9 +/- 3.3). EA was performed using the ear points,
Sanjiao (Hungry) and Shen Men (Stomach), and the body points, LI 4, LI 11, St 25,
St 36, St 44 and Liv 3, once daily, for 30 minutes, for 20 days, whereas patients
on diet restriction had a 1425 Kcal diet program, that consisted of 1425 Kcal
daily for 20 days. There was a 4.8% weight reduction in patients with EA
application, whereas patients on diet restriction had a 2.5% weight reduction.
There were significant decreases in total cholesterol and triglyceride levels in
EA and diet groups compared with the control group (p < 0.05 in both cases).
Furthermore, there was a decrease in LDL levels in the EA group compared with the
control group (p < 0.05). No significant changes could be found in HDL levels
among the three groups. Our results suggest that EA application in obese women
may decrease the serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDL cholesterol
levels by increasing the serum beta endorphin level. This lipolytic effect of EA
may also reduce the morbidity of obesity by mobilizing the energy stores that
result in weight reduction.

PMID: 16173527  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


39. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2005 Jun;14(5):434-40.

Electroacupuncture in obese women: a randomized, controlled pilot study.

Hsu CH, Hwang KC, Chao CL, Chang HH, Chou P.

Community Medicine Research Center and Institute of Public Health, National
Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of electroacupuncture and sit-up exercise on
reducing body weight (BW) and waist circumference (WC) among obese women.
METHODS: A randomized, controlled clinical trial was conducted from July 1, 2002,
to June 30, 2003, in the outpatient department of Taipei Hospital, Taiwan. The
subjects were 72 obese women, with WC>90 cm and body mass index (BMI)>30 kg/m2
and who had not received any other weight control maneuver within the prior 3
months. The subjects were randomly divided into groups A, B, and C. Group A
(n=22) received electroacupuncture, group B (n=20) was assigned sit-up exercises,
and group C (n=21) received no intervention. All three treatments lasted for 6
weeks. The measurements of BW, BMI, and WC were performed in the beginning and
after 6 weeks. The data were compared and expressed as percent reductions.
RESULTS: Electroacupuncture showed significantly greater percent reductions in BW
(p=0.009, 0.004), BMI (p=0.008, 0.016), and WC (p=0.013, 0.006) compared with
sit-up exercises or no intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: In this pilot study, electroacupuncture treatment was more effective
than situp exercise or no intervention in reducing BW, BMI, and WC.

PMID: 15989416  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


40. Int J Obes (Lond). 2005 Nov;29(11):1379-84.

Effects of electroacupuncture in reducing weight and waist circumference in obese
women: a randomized crossover trial.

Hsu CH, Hwang KC, Chao CL, Lin JG, Kao ST, Chou P.

Community Medicine Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei,
Taiwan.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of weight control on simple obese women between
electroacupuncture and sit-up exercise.
DESIGN: Randomized and crossover trial conducted from 1 January 2002 to 31
December 2002. The subjects were randomly divided into groups A and B. Group A
received electroacupuncture treatment first while group B received sit-up
exercise treatment first. After 6 weeks of treatment and 7 days of washout, group
A switched to sit-up exercise treatment and group B received electroacupuncture
treatment for another 6 weeks.
PATIENTS: In total, 54 simple obese women, with waist circumference (WC)>90 cm
and body mass index (BMI)>30 kg/m(2), and who had not received any other weight
control maneuver within the last 3 months.
MEASUREMENT: The measurements of body weight (BW), BMI and WC were performed at
the beginning, 6, 8 and 13 weeks. The data at different time periods were
compared and expressed as % reductions.
RESULTS: Electroacupuncture (n=46) showed significant differences in the %
reductions in BW (P=0.001), BMI (P=0.003) and WC (P=0.005) compared with sit-up
exercise. At the end of 13 weeks, there were no significant difference between
groups A (n=24) and B (n=22) in all the measurements. At the end of the study,
groups A and B showed significant differences in the % reductions in BW (P=0.004;
0.001), BMI (P=0.003; 0.021) and WC (P< or =0.001; 0.001) compared with the
initial values.
CONCLUSIONS: Electroacupuncture treatment is more effective than sit-up exercise
in reducing weight and WC, making it an alternative treatment option for weight
and WC control on obese women.

PMID: 15953937  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


41. J Med Eng Technol. 2003 Sep-Oct;27(5):200-6.

Case studies of laser Doppler imaging system for clinical diagnosis applications
and management.

Ng EY, Fok SC, Goh CT.

School of Mechanical and Production Engineering, College of Engineering, Nanyang
Technological University, Singapore. آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

The laser Doppler perfusion imager (LDPI) is a recent development in the field of
laser Doppler flowmetry. It has great potential in many medical applications for
the non-invasive diagnosis of problems based on microvascular perfusion.
Established applications include assessment of breast skin blood flow, wound
healing, skin burn, and systemic sclerosis. This paper aims to enhance the
usability of LPDI for diagnostics testing through the examination of two major
issues. The first issue deals with the performance of the LDPI technique. Two
case studies are used not only to highlight the potential applications of LDPI,
but also to illustrate the general procedure/precautions needed for ensuring the
consistency and quality of the captured perfusion images. The first case study
deals with the perfusion across the proximal interphalangeal joints of patients
with osteoarthritis. The results showed that LDPI could provide an objective and
specific assessment of hyperaemia over the interphalangeal joints in patients
with rheumatoid arthritis. The second case study deals with the blood flow on the
stomach region during acupuncture. The results indicated that LDPI could provide
an objective and specific assessment of the stimulation level on acupuncture
point. The issues discussed in these case studies would be useful for the
evolution of other novel LDPI applications and the standardization of the proper
clinical procedure for the capturing of the LDP images. The second issue deals
with the intelligent management of the LDPI results to facilitate the
prescription of treatment based on analysis of similar cases previously
encountered. The framework of an intelligent diagnostics assistant is proposed to
automate the search and retrieval of relevant past cases based on the LDPI
diagnosis. The paper uses skin burn as an example to discuss the considerations
and techniques for the implementation of the proposed intelligent diagnostics
system. This work constitutes initial efforts to increase the productivity of the
doctors in diagnostics testing using LDPI.

PMID: 12936046  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


42. Am J Chin Med. 2003;31(2):285-94.

Establishing the existence of the active stomach point in the auricle utilizing
radial artery tonometry.

Ikezono E, Ikezono T, Ackerman J.

New Obesity Research, 3-7-3, Shimizu, Suginamiku, Tokyo 167-0033, Japan.

One component of Oriental medicine diagnosis utilizes the palpation of the radial
pulse both for internal medicine and also to help clinicians accurately choose
body acupuncture treatment points. In the mid-1980s, an attempt was made to
capture diagnostic information with three pressure transducers positioned
bilaterally over the radial arteries in such a fashion as to simulate classical
Chinese pulse diagnosis (Yoon and Ikezono, 1986 and 1987). The results of this
pilot study were subsequently difficult to replicate. In the early 1950s, Paul
Nogier in Lyon, France introduced a different pulse diagnostic technique (Nogier,
1976). By touching an acupuncture needle on an active auricular acupuncture
point, the radial artery wall over the styloid process changes in tone more
prominently than when inactive points on the acuricle are touched. This
dermal/cardiovascular reflex of pulse diagnostic technique helps, then to
localize salient auricular points to treat regarding a patient's illness.
Objective digitalized measurements of the Nogier radial arterial pulse wave were
performed by computerized tonometry. This demonstrated that when an active
stomach point in the auricle (n = 11) was detected utilizing an imperceptible
electric current, the initial upstroke of the pressure wave, the pulse pressure
and the peak-to-peak interval of the radial artery pulse wave all increased
significantly compared to placebo point electronic detection. Thus, the existence
of an active auricular point on the auricle was verified by radial artery
tonometry.

PMID: 12856867  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


43. Ginekol Pol. 2003 Feb;74(2):102-7.

[The effectiveness of low-calorie diet or diet with acupuncture treatment in
obese peri- and postmenopausal women].

[Article in Polish]

Woźniak P, Oszukowski P, Stachowiak G, Szyłło K.

Specjalistycznej Przychodni ICZMP w Łodzi.

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to compare the efficacy of low calorie diet and low
calorie diet applied together with acupuncture in treatment of obesity in peri-
and postmenopausal women.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty nine obese peri- and postmenopausal women qualified
for hormone replacement therapy were divided into two groups. Women from the
first group (n = 33) during six months used a low calorie slimming diet: 1000
kcal below daily energy requirement (1200-1500 kcal per day on the average), 5-6
meals a day, consisted of proteins in 10-15%, fat in 25% and carbohydrates in
60-65%. The second group (n = 36) during this period had the same kind of diet as
well as one cycle of six-week acupuncture procedures. Each cycle consisted of 12
procedures (2 per week). Following acupuncture points were applied: -GV 20
(Baihui), CV 12 (Zhongwan), ST 36 (Zusanli), ST 21 (Liangmen), ST 25 (Tianshu),
LIV3 (Taichong), LIV 13 (Zhangen), P 6 (Neiguan), H 7 (Shenmen);
auriculotherapy--55 (Shenmen), 87 (Stomach).
RESULTS: In the first group on the low calorie slimming diet mean body weight
decreased from 85.48 +/- 8.48 kg to 77.07 +/- 7.7 kg (BMI dropped from 33.23 +/-
1.90 kg/m2 to 29.95 +/- 1.66 kg/m2) during six-week period (p < 0.001). In the
second group (acupuncture together with a low calorie diet) decreased mean body
weight from 85.5 +/- 5.99 kg to 72.68 +/- 6.06 kg (BMI dropped from 33.54 +/-
1.77 kg/m2 to 28.51 +/- 2.00 kg/m2) at the same time (p < 0.001). The mean drop
of body weight as well as BMI was significantly higher in the group treated with
acupuncture and slimming diet (12.81 +/- 2.85 kg and 5.03 +/- 1.08 kg/m2) than in
the low calorie diet group (8.41 +/- 2.02 kg and 3.28 +/- 0.78 kg/m2); p < 0.01.
CONCLUSIONS: 1. Our results testify to the higher efficacy of the complex low
calorie diet and acupuncture treatment in comparison to the low calorie therapy
in the lowering of BMI and body weight. 2. Acupuncture seems to be an additional
useful healing method in treatment of menopausal obesity.

PMID: 12715418  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


44. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2003 Jan;82(1):69-73.

Laser acupuncture and low-calorie diet during visceral obesity therapy after
menopause.

Wozniak P, Stachowiak G, Piêta-Doliñska A, Oszukowski P.

Specialistic Outpatient Clinics of Obstetrics and Female Diseases, Polish
Mother's Memorial Hospital, Research Institute, Lód, Poland.
آدرس ایمیل جهت جلوگیری از رباتهای هرزنامه محافظت شده اند، جهت مشاهده آنها شما نیاز به فعال ساختن جاوا اسكریپت دارید

BACKGROUND: To compare the efficiency of low-calorie diet and low-calorie diet
applied together with laser acupuncture in the therapy of visceral obesity in
postmenopausal women.
METHODS: The study population consisted of 74 postmenopausal females with
visceral obesity who were divided into two groups according to an employed
6-month slimming procedure. In the first group (n = 36) a low-calorie diet was
applied, while women in the second group (n = 38) were on the same kind of diet,
having additionally one cycle of laser acupuncture procedure at the same time. At
baseline and at the end of the study, body weight, body mass index and
waist-to-hip ratio were determined in all women.
RESULTS: After 6 trial months both groups exhibited a statistically significant
drop in body weight, body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio. The mean reduction
of body weight, body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio was significantly higher
in the second group of women (laser acupuncture plus low-calorie diet).
CONCLUSIONS: (1) Our results testify that the combination of a low-calorie diet
and laser acupuncture is characterized by a higher efficacy than a low-calorie
diet alone in lowering body weight, body mass index and waist-to-hip-ratio. (2)
Laser acupuncture is an additional useful healing method in the therapy of
visceral postmenopausal obesity.

PMID: 12580844  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

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